In India vegetables are cultivated largely so there is no scarcity of vegetables in India, there are many types of vegetables that are grown and produced in India.
If you are a veg lover or any other person whether from India or outside it is interesting for you to know these veggies, i am living in India and i am very much aware of what grows in this country and how it is good to you.
For a clear understanding, I will tell you the names of vegetables in English as well as in Hindi. I am dividing vegetables into their names, the region where they grow most, and nutrition.
See the below list to get easy idea of Indian vegetables.
Green vegetables are strongly considered healthy veggies as they are rich in iron and other nutritional contents that have a potential effect on your body’s overall health.
|ENGLISH NAME||HINDI NAME||REGION IN INDIA||NUTRITION|
|Fenugreek leaves||Methi||Rajasthan, Gujarat||Vitmain A, B6, C|
|Curry leaves||Kadi Patta||Tamil Nadu, Kerala||Vitamin A, B, C, E|
|Mint leaves||Pudina K Patte||Uttar Pradesh||Vitamin A, C, B-complex|
|Amaranth||Chaulai||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||Iron, Manganese, Phosphorus, Magnesium|
|Coriander leaves||Dhania K Patte||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat||Vitamin K, C, and Protein|
|Spinach||Palak||Andra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala||Vitamin A, B2, B6 K, E, C|
|Mustard greens||Sarson K Patte||Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh||Vitamin A, B6, C, D, iron, magnesium, calcium|
|Turmeric leaves||Haldi K Patte||Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa||Vitamin C, Potassium, Manganese, iron|
|Calocassia leaf||Arbi K Patte||Maharashtra, Gujarat||Vitamin B6, C, E, Fiber, and Carbohydrates|
|Lettuce leaves||Salaad Patte||Nilgiri mountain of South India||Vitamin K, A, anti-oxidants|
|Cabbage||Band Gobhi, Patta Gobhi||Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar||Vitamin K, B6, C, Folate, Manganese|
|Broccoli||Broccoli||West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha||Vitamin A, C, Iron, Calcium, Protein, Potassium|
|Cauliflower||Gobhi||UP, Karnataka, West Bengal||Vitamin B6, C, Magnesium, Iron, Calcium|
|Bitter Gourd||Karela||Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan||Vitamin A, C, B6, Magnesium, Iron, Calcium|
|Bottle Gourd||Lauki||Bengal, Maharashtra||Vitamin A, C, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium|
|Mushroom||Mushroom||Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh||Protein, Vitamin B12, D, Selenium, Phosphorus|
|Corn||Makka||Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar||Vitamin C, B, E, K, antioxidants, carotenoids|
|Egg Plant, Brinjal||Baigan||West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar||Vitamin C, K, B6, thiamine, niacin, potassium|
|Peas||Matar||Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Karnataka||Vitamin A, B, E, C, zinc, antioxidants|
|Cucumber||Kheera, Kakdi||Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andra Pradesh||Vitamin C, K, Potassium, Manganese|
|Green Chillies||Hari Mirch||Andra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka||Vitamin A, B6, C, K1, Potassium|
|Jack Fruit||Kathal||Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh||Vitamin A, C, Magnesium, Manganese|
|Okra, Lady Finger||Bhindi||Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa||Vitamin A, C, K1, magnesium, antioxidants|
|Pumpkin||Kaddu||Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh||Vitamin A, B2, C, E, Potassium, iron, copper|
|Water chestnut||Singahara||West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar||Vitamin B6, Riboflavin, Manganese|
|Snake gourd||Chichinda||Assam, West Bengal, Orissa||Vitamin A, B6, C, E, Potassium, Manganese|
|Pointed gourd||Paraval||Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh||Vitamin A, C, Magnesium, Potassium|
|Lotus Root||Kamal Kakadi||Tropical and Subtropical regions||Vitamin C, B, Potassium, Zinc, Manganese|
|Carrots||Gajar||Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh||Vitamin K, C, A, Potassium, Calcium, Iron|
|Potato||Aloo||Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh||Vitamin C, B6, Potassium, Folate, Catechin|
|Onion||Pyaz||Maharashtra, MP, Karnataka||Vitamin B9, C, B6, Potassium|
|Beetroot||Chukandar||Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh||Vitamin C, B9, Manganese, Potassium|
|Taro roots||Arbi||Assam, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh||Vitamin C, B6, E, Manganese, Potassium|
|Garlic||Lahsun||Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab||Vitamin B6, C, Selenium, Manganese|
|Sweet Potato||Shakarkand||Orissa, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh||Vitamin A, C, B6, Magnesium, Iron, Calcium|
|Turnip||Shalgam||Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh||Vitamin K, C, Folate, Provitamin A|
|Radish||Mooli||West Bengal, Haryana, Punjab||Vitamin B6, C, Magnesium, Potassium|
|Turmeric||Haldi||Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Orissa||Vitamin C, Potassium, Manganese, Iron|
|Dill||Suva leaves||Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat||Vitamin A, C, Folate, Manganese, Iron|
|Sorrel leaves||Pitwaa, Gongura||Andra Pradesh, Maharashtra||Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin C, A, Iron|
|Banana Flower||Kelphool||Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka||Vitamin E, Potassium, Iron Phosphorus|
|Broad Beans||Ghewda||Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana||Vitamin B1, Folate, Copper, Magnesium|
|Capsicum||Shimla Mirch||Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana||Vitamin A, E, B6, K1, Potassium, Folate|
|Cowpeas||Lobiya||Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, West UP||Vitamin B6, Folate, Copper, Thiamine, Iron|
|Cluster Beans||Ganvarr Phalee||Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana||Vitamin C, Iron, Phosphorus, Calcium|
|Drumstick||Sahjan Ki Phalee||Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala||Vitamin A, B1, B2, B3 B6, B9, C, Potassium|
|Indian Gooseberry||Amla||Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra||Vitamin C, E, A, Iron, Calcium|
|French Beans||Beans||Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra||Vitamin C, B6, A, Iron, Calcium, Magnesium|
|Indian Round Gourd||Tinde||Punjab, Haryana, Delhi||Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron|
|Lemon||Nimbu||Gujarat, Andra Pradesh, MP, Karnataka||Vitamin C, B6, Iron, Magnesium, Calcium|
|Raw Papaya||Kaccha Papita||Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka||Vitamin B9, C, A, Potassium, Protein, Fiber|
|Ivy Gourd||Tindora||Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala||Vitamin A, Beta carotene, Protein, Calcium|
|Raw Mango||Kaccha Aam||Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka||Vitamin A, C, B6, Magnesium|
|Raw Banana||Kaccha Kela||Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, MP||Vitamin B6, C, Magnesium|
|Spiny Gourd||Kantola||Karnataka, West Bengal||Vitamin C, Protein, Potassium, Phenolic compound|
|Red Chilli||Lal Mirch||Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka||Vitamin A, C, B6, Magnesium, Iron|
|Ridge Gourd||Tori||Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, MP||Vitamin C, A, B6, Magnesium, Iron|
|Tomato||Tamatar||Andhra Pradesh, MP, Karnataka||Vitamin C, K1, B9, Potassium|
|Kohlrabi||Ganth Gobhi||Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal||Vitamin C, B6, Magnesium, Iron, Calcium|
|Banana Stem||Kele Ka Tana||Maharashtra, Kerala||Vitamin B6, Fiber, Potassium|
|Purple Yam||Kand||West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala||Vitamin C, A, Potassium, Iron, Calcium|
This is the great list of many vegetables in India, i am sure most of these you eat in daily and many are less eaten. These vegetables contain different nutrition value you can see in the nutrition column.
These are only main nutrition and regions of cultivation I shared there are many other states that grow these vegetables and also contain more of the nutrition.
Also read- Delicious dry fruits list
Indian people love to eat vegetables and fruit as these are grown widely in India. The most common food vegetable like tomato, potato, and onion is eaten almost daily. These are used with other different vegetables, and their main use is to improve taste and frying purposes.
The daily vegetables in Indian food are mostly vegetables, pulses, which are eaten with rice and chapatis. If you are an Indian you can relate very well to what I am saying.
For vegetable farming, you must have a piece of land in which you cultivate vegetable plants for that you have to sow seeds in the soil or can also buy already matured plant from the market and then put these plants’ roots under the soil. Provide enough nutrition for plant growth and water two times daily in summer days in winter you can adjust accordingly.
Most of the vegetables are seasonal in India the off-season vegetable you eat has the most chances that these are stored in the previous season in cold storage. Some seasonal vegetables like bottle gourd’s season are from February to July, Beetroot is from October to November.
There are many vegetables that are grown and cultivated in India. Some of them are methi, garlic, onion, spinach, cabbage, tomato, ladyfinger, brinjal, cauliflower, etc. are some well-grown vegetables of goa. Some of these cultivated in plain areas while others in fields.
If you bury these vegetable seeds into the soil these will evolve and develop vegetables in 30 days, vegetables like Spinach, Lettuce, Radish, Turnip greens, Spring onions.
Above is the major compiled list of vegetables in India with the states in which these are grown most and with main nutrition components.
The above vegetables have different chemicals and compounds that usually promote health but also know the condition of your body if you have any specific disease make sure to take doctors’ advice.
If you have any confusion or any new vegetable suggestion kindly mention it in comments.